Lleida, a capital city of the Province of Lleida and the comarca (county) of Segria, Catalonia, is the largest and the most populous city in the province and comarca. The history of Lleida is long and is closely connected with the history of Catalonia and Spain. Various events shaped Lleida, including the residency of ancient people of Iberia (the Ilergetes) to the various conquests of Romans, Visigoths, Moors, Carolingians, the Kingdom of Aragon, Napoleon, and the ensuing events of the Catalan Revolution and the Spanish Civil War.
Lleida is one of the oldest settlements in Catalonia and the whole of Spain. Recorded evidence of communities were found dating back as far the Bronze Age period, before the ancient people of Ilergetes settled in the area. Ilergetes are one of the Iberian tribes that settled in Catalonia. Ilergetes resisted much of invasion from the Carthaginian and Roman conquests.
Lleida is located in the Catalan Central Depression, so Lleida is surrounded with mountains and vast areas of plateaus that sweeps into slopes. Much of the soil in the area is a product of thousands of years of erosion from the mountains and plateaus.
Aside from having a rich history, Lleida is a cultural center. The University of Lleida -- the third-oldest university in Spain -- was founded at the end of the thirteenth century. From this culturally rich city are forms of art that have shaped and reshaped Europe’s intellectual and artistic movement, including the Catalan Modernist movement. As a metropolitan area, Lleida is full of theater and music venues and hosts various music and film festivals. Art, music, and cultural gatherings are alive. Museums and interesting architectural structures are found everywhere.
Tourists visiting Lleida will not get lost -- the town is a mixture of the old and the new. Though older buildings and churches are still apparent in the city, newer and modern buildings are also constructed. Most of these new buildings cater to tourists and business, and some serve as Lleida hostels. Hostels in Lleida are strategically located in the city center for easy access and transportation.
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