If you are planing on visiting the Slovenian coast, chances are you will start your way in Koper. As the largest city in the region, it serves as a transportation hub with a relatively reach train and bus connections (domestic and international) and the only Slovenian port. Located only a few kilometres from the border with Italy, the city is bilingual, with Slovene and Italian being recognized as two official languages.
The best way to experience Koper is probably by taking a walk through the old city centre and taking a look at some historical sights along the way. Particularly charming is the main square with the Cathedral and Bell Tower, Loggia Town Hall, and Venetian Gothic Praetorian Palace. An important monument of Koper is also the Muda Gate, the only preserved city gate out of the former twelve, which dates all the way back to the early sixteenth century.
If you are a wine lover, you should not miss the opportunity to visit the company and store of Vinakoper -- the largest wine producer in Slovenia. They are located near the cemetery, not that far from the city centre, and offer wine tastings as well as cellar tours, though it might be a good idea to arrange a tour in advance via e-mail or telephone.
In case you want to explore the surroundings of the city, there are two interesting caves -- Osp's Cave and Saint Cave. The first is a rather small one, but the second is larger and even includes an underground church -- the only one in the country. And in the village Trebeše you can visit an almost twenty-metre-high waterfall, which usually freezes in the winter.
A selection of decent Koper hostels should take care of your basic accommodation needs, but if you are looking for something more luxurious, there are more than enough hotels to choose from.
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