For many tourists in South America, Guyana is largely unknown. The sovereign state is located between Venezuela to the west and Suriname to the east. The terrain is mainly dominated by rainforest and has access to the Atlantic Ocean. Georgetown is the largest city and the capital of this country; around one hundred thirty-one people call Georgetown their home. Guyana is the only country in South America that calls English its official language. International tourists usually arrive at Cheddi Jagan International Airport, south of Georgetown, or Ogle International Airport, which services smaller regional flights, as well.
The small country has a rich and dramatic history. Before the Dutch established a colony there, Guyana was mainly dominated by the native Lokono and Kalina tribes. Nowadays, there are only around thirty thousand indigenous people who belong ethnically to these two tribes, who once were dominant in the region. In the end of the eighteenth century, the Dutch left and the British gained control over Guyana. In the mid-twentieth century, the country got independent and it has been part of the Commonwealth since. Politically, the sovereign country has been unstable and has faced corruption and economic mismanagement. The unspoilt nature including a pristine rainforest and real wildlife attract eco-tourists from all over the world. To the present day, Guyana has been considered to be the continent's best-kept secret destination for nature lovers.
Kaieteur Falls is one of the natural sights that you cannot miss when you are in Guyana. The falls are situated on the Potaro River in the Amazon Rainforest. However, there are several tour operators that offer packages to get to this beautiful and remote point of interest. It is the largest single drop waterfall worldwide if you only consider the flowing water volume. The total height is just over two hundred twenty-five metres, whereas the longest drop is just over a hundred and ten metres. The falls in the Kaieteur National Park were discovered only in the late nineteenth century. The popular national park is served by Kaieteur International Airport, which is located nearby and has frequent flight links to the two major international airports in Guyana. Apart from the vast rainforest, travelers should also check out the Rupununi Savannas in the Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo region. The area offers Africa-like plains with smaller local villages and a fascinating and various wildlife.
The climate in Guyana is tropically hot and humid. There are two rain seasons -- the first starts in May and ends in August, while the second begins in November and ends in January. Generally, it is cooler on the coast than inland. During the rainy seasons, floods can be a hazard. The temperature difference between day and night is much bigger than between the single months throughout the whole year. You can usually expect daily maximum temperatures between twenty-nine and thirty-one degrees Celsius. At night, the temperatures hover around twenty-four degrees Celsius.
Most hotels and guesthouses are located in and around the capital Georgetown. Since the tourist industry is still quite small, the offer of classic budget accommodations such as hostels in Guyana is limited. Cheaper guesthouses are available, but bigger hotel chains charge prices that you would also have to pay in a more-developed, industrial country. The hostel is located in the centre of Georgetown and offers airport pickups, as well.
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