Orenburg is the administrative center of the Orenburg Region and has more than half a million inhabitants. The city emerged as a military guarding base near the southeastern borders of the Russian Empire. Soon, it became the largest merchant center between Russia and Central Asia. During the Revolution in the early twentieth century, Orenburg was a major battlefield as the local Tatar, Kazakh, and Kyrgyz population proclaimed autonomy and only after two years of very bloody battles, the rebels were defeated by the Red Army. As a result, the capital of the USSR’s Kazakh Republic was moved far from here and the local non-Russian population was deported and replaced by Russians.
Orenburg is not a tourist city but it has several interesting places that are worth visiting such as the Orenburg Governor's History Museum, founded in the nineteenth century; the Memorial-museum "Salute to Victory!", an open air museum dedicated to the victory in the World War II; the Orenburg Regional Museum of Fine Arts; the Orenburg History Museum located in a building from the mid-nineteenth century, and the Orenburg Oblast Drama Theater named after M. Gorky.
Although Orenburg hostels have low prices and quite good living conditions, they have one major problem -- most of the hostels in Orenburg are located on the outskirts of the city. Orenburg is not a major tourist destination in Russia and you should not have a problem booking a hostel in Orenburg online even shortly before your arrival. Be aware that almost all signs in the city are in Russian and that not many people speak English, so getting to an Orenburg hostel in the outskirts of the city can be a challenge so it is advisable that you plan your arrival in such a way so that you have enough free time to reach your hostel, especially in the extremely cold winters.
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